ISO and/or widely understood as International Organization for Standardization. ISO was introduced on 23rd February 1947 and is based in Geneva, Switzerland, and actively working in 164 member countries. ISO’s President is Eddy Njoroge and official languages are English, French, and Russian. ISO is representing various national standards organizations of member countries, with global recognition of an international standard body, promoting a global commercial, industrial and proprietary standards. ISO is an independent, non-governmental, and volunteer organization as well. ISO became one of the first organizations that were granted by the United Nations Economic and Social Council the General Consultative Status. ISO is the largest voluntary international standards developer in the world, helping global trade by common standards provision among the nations. The interesting fact is, beyond twenty thousand standards have been already set, ranging from agriculture, food safety, healthcare, manufactured products, and technology. The benefits of compliance to ISO standards in the process of products and services creation are increased productivity focusing on minimized errors and waste, safe, reliable, and good quality end result to the entire satisfaction of customers. The Use of ISO standards on products and services enables exposing and/or undergo comparison from different markets leading to the entrance to new markets, with the ultimate objective to promote worldwide trade in an honest way. As far as consumers are concerned the good news is equally beneficial by receiving ISO Standard compliant products and services with a satisfaction to enjoy using them without any worry.
ISO is an independent, non-governmental, and volunteer organization, whereas its 164 members and/or countries are known standard authorities, with annually scheduled meetings in Geneva, which is ISO’s central secretariat for the strategic objectives of ISO discussion. Mind you, there is a rotating membership in Geneva of 20 member bodies and/or countries providing necessary governance and guidance and setting up the annual budget of the central secretariat as well. Talking about ISO standards, which are developed under the responsibility of the technical management board spearheading more than 250 technical committees.
In order to develop standards and terminology under electrical and electronic related technologies, two joint committees have been formed by ISO/IEC which stands for International Electrotechnical Commission, while ISO is already understood as International Organization for Standardization. ISO/IEC JTC 1, here JTC stands for Joint Technical Committee, so ISO/IEC JTC 1 was formed in 1987 with the task to develop. facilitate, maintain, and promote and IT and/or information technology standards. In 2009 ISO/IEC JTC 2 was formed for the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources standardization process. There are three membership categories in ISO, that is, Number 1 is Member bodies representing standards body in each country with voting rights. Number 2 is Correspondent members or countries who are without their stands body. Number 3 is a Subscriber member or country with a small economy and can pay membership fees at reduced rates. Participating members are signified as, “P”, whereas Observing members are signified as,” O.”
ISO is financed in three ways, that is, Number 1 Technical work or projects funded by organization or loan funded. Number 2 Subscriptions received from member countries, which is computed from Country’s GNP or Gross National Product and their Trade Figures. Number 3 Selling the standards.
The list of published ISO and/or International Organization for Standardization standards are available at this link below;